Automotive safety is a critical global issue. Societal costs of vehicular crashes are daunting and affect everyone. Financial and emotional costs of traffic crashes are high. Passive safety systems, specifically seatbelts and airbags, have significantly reduced the number of motor vehicle injuries and fatalities, improving vehicle safety appreciably. To further enhance safety on the road, active safety must become the critical focus. Active safety systems not only help reduce the number and severity of crashes, but will help sustain a decline in injury and deaths.